Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo – crystals from the otoliths floating into one of the semicircular canals causing brief episodes of vertigo triggered by changes in head position relative to gravity.
Vestibular Neuritis – a viral infection of the vestibular nerve that causes an acute episode of vertigo, nausea/vomiting and loss of balance.
Vestibular Migraine – a variant of migraine where the predominant symptom is dizziness or vertigo rather than headache which is often reported as mild.
Meniere’s Disease – a circulatory problem where fluid accumulates in the inner ear causing fluctuating episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss and unsteadiness.
Acoustic Neuroma/Vestibular Schwannoma – a slow growing benign tumour on the vestibulocochlear nerve causing a gradual loss of hearing in one ear and unsteadiness. Requires an MRI to confirm a diagnosis.