Recovery from a vestibular problem requires the remaining intact components of the vestibular system and the brain to compensate for the lost function caused by the vestibular problem. Vestibular Rehabilitation encourages this process through different types of exercises:
- desensitising (habituation) exercises help reduce or eliminate dizziness when you move your head e.g. when bending or turning around;
- eye and head coordination (adaptation and substitution) exercises help to improve the fixation of your eyes on objects when your head moves, reducing visual blurring;
- balance exercises challenge your balance in various ways to help improve your postural control when performing various tasks such as walking on gravel paths or reaching for an item on the top shelf.
Some individuals may also need to include strengthening exercises of their arms, legs and core (trunk) in addition to general fitness activities, into their vestibular rehabilitation program.
Vestibular rehabilitation also involves the assessment and treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) which is a unique vestibular condition.
Education is provided to help you understand how the vestibular system works and how the vestibular problem you have is causing your symptoms. Advice on how to manage the vestibular problem such as recommended lifestyle changes and how to pace the exercises and other activities is also included.